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The helix geometry of DNA is B-form, it can be protected by tight packing in the nucleus. However, whereas DNA molecules are typically long and double stranded, RNA molecules are much shorter and are typically single stranded. Adenine and thymine are joined by double hydrogen bonds while guanine and cytosine are joined by triple hydrogen bonds.
Structure of rna in biochemistry
Both are pentose sugar having five carbon atoms. Eukaryotic DNA material. Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA : It is helical double stranded nucleic acid made of complementary purine and pyramidines supported by deoxy ribose sugars and phospodiester structures. Essay 6. Procedure Adopted: They isolated RNA and protein from the tobacco plants infected with tobacco mosaic virus [TMV] and used the isolated RNA, protein and their mixture to develop TMV symptoms in the healthy plants of tobacco and recorded the observations after a definite period. Nitrogen-containing molecules, called nucleotide bases, hang off each sugar unit. Thus, uracil is appropriate for RNA, where quantity is important but lifespan is not, whereas thymine is appropriate for DNA where maintaining sequence with high fidelity is more critical. During transcription, a portion of the DNA molecule, called a gene, is exposed to enzymes that assemble RNA strands according to the nucleotide-base binding rules. It can be found inside the nucleus, free-floating in the cytoplasm as well as within organelles like the endoplasmic reticulum. The structure of a gene is widely accepted as a sequence of nucleotides consisting of four bases Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine and Guanine. There is a level of fear and underlying evil in Puritan settings in both stories. Thus, in RNA there are four different types of nitrogenous bases, viz. The details of the experiment are given below. Replication: The duplication of genetic material. Pyrimidines: Main features of pyrimidines are given below: i In RNA, pyrimidine base are of two types, viz.
A majority of the cell's DNA is found enclosed in the nucleus until the cell divides and the nuclear envelope breaks down. Because of the importance of this work, Steitz shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with other scientists who made significant contributions to the understanding of ribosome structure.
This arrangement of DNA strands is called antiparallel. The structure of a gene is widely accepted as a sequence of nucleotides consisting of four bases Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine and Guanine.
Table 1. This one difference means that two strands of DNA can form a double-helix structure while RNA remains as a single strand.
More about rna essay
The four carbon atoms are inside the ring and the fifth one is with CH2 group. Nitrogen-containing molecules, called nucleotide bases, hang off each sugar unit. It can be found inside the nucleus, free-floating in the cytoplasm as well as within organelles like the endoplasmic reticulum. In contrast, ribose sugar in RNA is more reactive by means C- OH bonds since, it is not stable in alkaline conditions. The asymmetric ends of DNA strands are referred to as the 5' five prime and 3' three prime ends. RNA has larger grooves that make it more susceptible to enzymes attack. Reference Terms from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia RNA Ribonucleic acid or RNA is a nucleic acid polymer consisting of nucleotide monomers that plays several important roles in the processes that translate genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid DNA into protein products; RNA acts as a messenger between DNA and the protein synthesis complexes known as ribosomes, forms vital portions of ribosomes, and acts as an essential carrier molecule for amino acids to be used in protein synthesis. RNA, however, is found throughout the cell. Nitrogenous base are of two types, viz. Translation of the information collected from RNA is the next step. Nucleosides differ from nucleotides in that they lack phosphate groups. Discuss why humans did not evolve with one central repository of DNA, but rather it is replicated throughout the body? Thus there is ribose sugar on both sides of phosphate.
The information collected is transported to the protein. DNA plays no role in translation. The tight structure of a DNA double helix makes it less vulnerable to enzyme action, but RNA is more resistant to ultraviolet rays.
The phosphate is joined with carbon atom 3 of ribose at one side and with carbon atom 5 of ribose on the other side.
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