An analysis of the american literature during the first half of the 19th century

American literature periods

Joseph Pulitzer was an American publisher who owned several newspapers and who is said to be the creatoir of the modern American daily press. The first one is Traditionalism. While describing his life as a slave and his struggle toward freedom, Douglass emphasized the primary role that literacy played in opening opportunities for African Americans. Poets belonging to the New York School mostly had a very good education and their topics were moral questions, political issues, or the urban lifestyle. Two novelists who began their successful careers with war books were James A. Key Terms transcendentalism: A movement of writers and philosophers in New England in the 19th century who were loosely bound together by adherence to an idealistic system of thought based on the belief in the essential supremacy of insight over logic and experience for the revelation of the deepest truths. November 16, edition of the New York Tribune: Some penny papers were closely associated with political parties; the New York Tribune backed the Whigs and later the Republicans. Maggie: A Girl of the Streets , the story of a doomed young woman's life in a New York City slum, is so bleak that Crane had difficulty finding a publisher. Slavery was antithetical to the ideals of the American Revolution, but for the sake of unity with the Southern colonies, whose economy was rooted in slavery, no protest was made against it as a social evil. Magazines also appeared for the first time in the colonies during the mids. A foreign-news service was developed that reached the highest standard yet attained in American journalism in terms of intelligence and general excellence. It was structured in the form of an assertion that was then proven through specific examples. Douglass's text included a preface, written by abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, that encouraged the reader to trust the author.

Livingston, though Jefferson was ultimately responsible for most of the phrasing. Whereas newspapers had generally relied on documents as sources, Bennett introduced the practices of observation and interviewing to provide stories with more vivid details.

history of american literature summary

Less strict and serious writers included Samuel Sewall who wrote a diary revealing the daily life of the late 17th century[2] and Sarah Kemble Knight. My Antonia follows the life of a young girl of Czech ancestry in rural Nebraska and depicts the dignity of immigrant farm families.

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This book, which reached a large readership and advanced the political cause of environmental protection, is considered one of the most important works in the movement.

The diary of William Byrd and The History of the Dividing Line described the expedition to survey the swamp between Virginia and North Carolina but also comments on the differences between American Indians and the white settlers in the area.

American literature timeline

Immigrant populations added great variety to 20th-century American fiction. A foreign-news service was developed that reached the highest standard yet attained in American journalism in terms of intelligence and general excellence. His views come across clearly in the maxims, proverbs, and homespun wisdom that filled his Poor Richard's Almanack, which was published annually from to under the pen name Richard Saunders. Prior to the Civil War, former slaves who wished to tell their stories found access to publishers through connections with white abolitionists. Religious writings recorded strenuous debates about church doctrine, such as the role of free-will and good works in an individual's salvation, although certain issues discussed by the theologians went beyond religion. The story of the captain of a whaling boat, Ahab, and his relentless hunt for one whale, Moby Dick is also about the mysterious forces of the universe that overwhelm the individual who seeks to confront and struggle against them. Furthermore he used colloquial language and a lot of words from popular culture. Other contact between natives and settlers was less friendly. White's work centered on a great mystery. This elicits doubts about the possibility of absolute knowledge, as corroborated by the "impressionistic" style and the open ending, which keeps several possible conclusions available to the reader's imagination. It is one of Franklin's great statements on the self-made man. From the s to the s Schoolcraft wrote at length on Native Americans. Faulkner is known also for the complexity of his style, which includes multiple points of view, inversions of time, and stream-of-consciousness narrative. But while the female characters in the book get strong, creative individuals at last, the male ones are decribed in a very negative way, for which she has often been critizised. The latter work, which emphasizes the idea of the explorer as hero, was compiled by diplomat Nicholas Biddle from the notes of the expedition.

Nicholas Noyes was also known for his doggerel verse. William Apes was the first Native American to produce extensive writings in English.

what is american literature and what makes it unique

Naturalism had an outlook often bleaker than that of realism, and it added a dimension of predetermined fate that rendered human will ultimately powerless.

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American literature