Mainstreaming allows children with ID to receive education alongside their non-disabled peers. Conversely, others argue that average students benefit from the inclusion of special needs children. Second, mainstreaming exposes all children to diversity.
However, mainstreaming is more a philosophy of inclusion.
Inclusion fostered the goals of education, which are tolerance for diversity, equity, equality, community integration, and achievement for all students. It gives these students a chance to learn something that they may not have had a chance to learn in a special education classroom.
Parents and educators must realistically appraise the learning environments and resources available in their communities. Such diversity is naturally encountered in the real world.
Quite logically, social skills can only be learned and acquired in a social environment. Third, mainstreaming in a regular classroom may inspire and challenge students with intellectual disabilities to excel. This can lead to resentment and it can also lead to the other students acting out.
The methodology consisted in analyzing and comparing research findings on the benefits and costs of inclusion.