Academic writing using quotes for emphasis

The following descriptions will help you with quotation marks in your academic writing.

When to use single quotation marks

In academic writing, it is best to avoid their use nearly entirely. Read more in the AWELU section on reference styles: Using a Reference Style The use of quotation marks The punctuation marks used to signal quotations are called inverted commas or quotation marks. The use of [sic] If there is a spelling mistake or any other error in the text that is quoted, the writer can point this out by adding the word [sic] after the inaccurate word or phrase. There are quotes within other quotes and different punctuation styles depending on the subject matter, style guide used, and even the country. Short quotations are fully integrated in the text, whereas long quotations are set off from the running text in block quotations. Is this logical? Authors with disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences usually use the American Psychological Association APA style guide, and writers in the biological sciences and engineering fields refer to the Council of Science Editors CSE handbook. Just remember to use the strategies in moderation, especially if you are writing for an academic or otherwise formal purpose. Block Text and Epigraphs The format for quotations changes depending on the length of the passage.

British publishers tend to use single quotation marks for quotations, whereas North American publishers usually favour double quotation marks. The Exclamation Point Rule number one about the exclamation point is to use only one at a time.

When to use triple quotation marks

Other style guides might have other rules so be sure to check. The following descriptions will help you with quotation marks in your academic writing. Long quotations are often set off from the running text into separate blocks of text, so-called block quotations: Example: In his inaugural speech, US President Barack Obama referred to some of the challenges he was facing: That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. For example, if you are inserting a direct quote into your writing, it is important to ensure that the reader understands that those words are not yours. Short quotations are fully integrated in the text, whereas long quotations are set off from the running text in block quotations. In the example below, from the British Journal of Sociology of Education, a Swedish governmental report is being quoted. Quotation Marks in Text Regardless of which style guide you use or which side of the Atlantic you are on, there is an agreement about the specific rules for using quotation marks in your text. When something from the original passage is removed, we sometimes talk about ellipsis. As stated above, the function of quotations is often to exemplify or clarify something, and sometimes writers choose to show the exact wording of a source for some other reason.

Depending on the purpose of your writing, using these strategies to provide emphasis can be highly effective and fun—if I do say so myself! The writer must indicate this with square brackets where a chunk of text has been removed.

Block Text and Epigraphs The format for quotations changes depending on the length of the passage. Although they can be direct quotes, quotation marks are not used; special typefaces and formats are used instead to call attention to them.

when to use quotation marks

By doing this, he or she shows that the mistake is in the original text. A colon can be used similarly, but only at the end of the sentence.

When to use single quotation marks in academic writing

In a story that includes conversations among the characters, quotation marks distinguish their words from those of the author. The following descriptions will help you with quotation marks in your academic writing. This signals that the error exists in the original text, and that the reviewer is aware of it. McGlone, M. The quotation thus functions as a definition of the animal that is being introduced. For reasons of clarity, the writer has added a numeral to the name of the king who is mentioned in the piece of text that she is quoting: Example: Cast off by her husband, the Prince Regent, and sent into exile in , Queen Caroline had returned to England in June to "demand her rights as Queen and to contest George [IV]'s demands for divorce, and accusations of adultery" Wood As Wibbels argues, in crisis-ridden federations, "economic reforms takes [sic] on the quality of a public good requiring the individual regions to cooperate, whereas it is more rational for each career-oriented politician to avoid the costs associated with austerity" p. Depending on the purpose of your writing, using these strategies to provide emphasis can be highly effective and fun—if I do say so myself! Writers need to make sure that they do not quote too much and too often.

The New York Times Jan 20, For example, if you are inserting a direct quote into your writing, it is important to ensure that the reader understands that those words are not yours.

Therefore, quotations must be introduced, and, preferably, also commented on.

quotation marks rules

Long quotations are often set off from the running text into separate blocks of text, so-called block quotations: Example: In his inaugural speech, US President Barack Obama referred to some of the challenges he was facing: That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood.

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The irony of using quotation marks for emphasis